10Gb Switch for Home

Since the introduction of 10 Gigabit Ethernet, the ever-increasing demand for high bandwidth has been driving the pervasive application of 10Gb Ethernet switch. However, for its high cost it is normally limited to the enterprise and server market and doors are shut down for home individual users. Nevertheless, gamers and speed addicts always hanker for the faster hardware, so the demand for high bandwidth at home provided by 10Gb switch is rising too. Only once attempt to 10GbE, one will never want to turn back to 1 Gigabit Ethernet.

10Gb switch for 10Gb home network

Overview of 10Gb Switch for Home

Generally, there are several versions of 10GbE switch. The first is 1GbE switch with a few 10Gb SFP+ uplinks, such as FS S5800-48F4S 48 port 1GbE SFP switch with 4 10GE SFP+ ports ($1699). The second is 10GbE switch with 10Gbase-T ports or 10GE SFP+ ports as main connection, such as FS S5900-24S 24 10GE SFP+ switch ($1999). Another is 10GbE switch with a few 40/100G QSFP+ uplinks, such as FS N5850-48S6Q 10GbE ToR/Leaf switch with 6 QSFP+ 40GbE ports ($2999). For 10Gb home Ethernet, the former two switches can be taken into consideration for their cheaper price. Especially for the first type, it is very popular for building 10Gb home network. Here are some reasons. First, one can connect the host, virtualized server and workstation with the 10Gb links. Second, 10Gb SFP+ connection usually costs less power and expense than 10Gbase-T switch. Table below lists the most cost-effective 10Gb switches provided by FS.COM.

FS 10Gb Switch Port Price
S3800-48T4S 48 x 1Gbase-T ports with 4 x 10GbE SFP+ uplinks $499
S5800-48F4S 48 x 1GbE SFP ports with 4 x 10GE SFP+ uplinks $1699
S5800-8TF12S 8 x 1GbE RJ45 ports, 8 x 1GbE SFP ports with 12 x 10GbE SFP+ uplinks $1899
How One Benefits from 10Gb Switch for Home?

As we know, we can connect 10G NICs directly and interconnect devices with 10Gb SFP+ cables to achieve 10Gb network. Thus many people get confused about one question: why not using cheaper 10G NICs rather than expensive 10Gb switch? For very small 10G network with a few computers, NICs indeed can be a solution. But how about home networks with more users? For instance, you have 4 computers, then you need to buy 8 total 10G NICs and corresponding cables for connection, which can lead to expensive additional cost for expansion. So at this point home users need to think about deploying a 10Gb switch. Moreover, 10Gb switch features low- latency, fewer bottlenecks, simple virtualized environment, spare bandwidth, rack space efficiency, low power consumption and expansion flexibility.

How to Build 10Gb Switch for Home?

To set up a 10Gb home network, several components are required. 10GbE core switch, access switch with 10G uplinks, 10G network interface card (NIC) for storage and server, and 10G cabling. For 10G switch selection for home, maybe you should avoid some brand-name vendors for their high expense. FS specially designed S3800-48T4S 10Gb switch for home users with a low offer at $499 ($479 with single power). It has 48 1000Base-T ports with 4 10GbE SFP+ links. For 10G cabling selection, there are RJ45 copper cable and SFP+ fiber capable of working with 10Gb/s. Usually, home users have no need to switch from Ethernet copper cabling to fiber cabling. But for 10Gb speed, you’d better use Cat6a or Cat7 Ethernet cables to resist interference. And for NACs and severs with 10G SFP+ links, the most cost-effective solution is to use 10G (Direct Attach Cable) DAC. It is a copper cable with SFP connection on each side available for various lengths. For example, FS SFP-10G-DAC, Cisco compatible SFP+ to SFP+ connection, is a passive direct attach copper twinax cable with length ranging from 0.5m to 7m.

FS 10Gb switch

Conclusion

This article focused on the 10Gb switch for home usage. It introduced the main types of 10Gb switch available for home users. And gave some practical recommendations under cost-efficient considerations for building 10GbE home network. For gamers and any other Tech or speed pursuers, deploying 10Gb switches for home network will provide you superior experience of high bandwidth. FS provides 10Gb switch with 12/24/32/48 ports for different requirements. You can visit our official website for more information.

Optimistic about the Development of 40G and 100G Network Devices in the Future

In June of 2010, the IEEE 802.3 ba 40G/100G standard issued. The Standard Approval timeline for IEEE 802.3ba is depicted in the figure. It makes me looking good forward to its development in the future. Traditional 10G port modules usually adopt LC connector, they are connected by dual cores while 40G Ethernet specification requires 8 cores connections, just 4 cores used for transmitting and another 4 cores used for receiving. Better advice for 40G Ethernet is that the 12 cores fiber cabling solution, each channel has 4 special transmitting fiber and 4 special receiving fiber, middle 4 fibers remain free. 100G Ethernet solution requires to make 24 fibers, it divided into two 12 fibers, one for receiving and another for transmitting, and each of the array, middle 10 fibers used for transit traffic, the two fibers on the ends are setting free.

Several years ago, once we met customers who wants to know if our transceiver modules support 40G and 100G ports, we will tell them that some suppliers who launched the 40G and 100G optical transceiver module are mostly based on previous 40G/100G draft, they are not the standard ports, and different vendors exist connection trouble, so we are all not sure. But nowadays, with the mature development of 40G and 100G cores, many supplier launched them their own fiber optic transceiver. In the field of 40G and 100G, device manufacturers adopt the advantage of long term evolution and 40G network which focus on 100G network communication equipment. In fact, it is the estimated results that operator who faces with 40G and 100G network. In the next year, 40G long distance transmission network market supplier will launch the 100G network transmission devices, it will bring a big challenge to the operator. The fact dedicates that fiber optic device operators will do double budgets for current production to meet the demand of the future developments.

In the network market, WDM devices are quite popular between global operators. It makes the sales of the products to improve highly. Adjustable and pluggable optical transceiver module, such as XFP, become quite popular in the ROADM network market, it will broaden the network scopes of operators, includes IP/Ethernet CMTs, OLTs FTTH, DSLAMs. As for the 10G SFP+ transceiver module, such as 10G SFP+ 1550nm 80km, it sales reached three times, they are primarily applied into 10G Ethernet and 8G/16G fiber channel. The main reason why development speed of 100G fiber network faster than 40G is that the price of 100G network is lower than 40G, so the much lower LR4 modules will have a great future. Related product: SFP-10G-LR, see at the figure.

Faced with the rapid progress of 40G and 100G optical transceiver modules, FS.COM also research its brand. Including production and sales of 40G and 100G. FS.COM has high quality and reasonable price. Our fiber optical transceivers all pass certification. If you have fiber optical transceivers needs, FS.COM will be your first choice.

The Evolution and Trends Of Fiber Optic Transceiver

When it comes to fiber optic transceiver, we can easily think of a lot of different package formats like 1X9, GBIC, SFF, SFP, etc. 1X9 package optical module was first produced in 1999, with SC head, is fixed optical transceiver products, usually directly solidified on the circuit board of communication equipment, used as a fixed optical module. Then, 1X9 package optical module was gradually developed towards miniaturization and hot-pluggable.

Fiber Optic Transceiver

Fiber optical module products began to develop in two aspects. One is hot-pluggable optical module, which became GBIC. The other is small, with LC head, directly solidified to the circuit board, which became SFF 2X5, or SFF 2X10. Both GBIC and SFF optical modules have been widely used.

GBIC Fiber Optic Transceiver

GBIC module, once widely used in switches, routers and other network products. The old Cisco and other vendors’ switched and routers have been widely adopted GBIC modules. Compared with 1X9, GBIC has obvious advantages, hot-pluggable feature makes GBIC can used as an independent module, users can easily maintain, update fiber optic transceiver and fault location. However, with the continuous development of network, GBIC module’s shortcomings also gradually appeared. The main disadvantage is its large size, resulting in a smaller density of service boards, boards can not accommodate a sufficient number of GBIC, unable to adapt to the trend of rapid development of network.

SFF Fiber Optic Transceiver

SFF module, is another branch of fiber optic modules’ evolution, now is widely used in EPON system. In the EPON ONU system, all adopt SFF module. The main reason why ONU use SFF optical module is EPON ONU products are usually placed in the users, require fixed rather than hot-pluggabe. With the rapid development of EPON technology, SFF market is gradually expanding.

SFP Fiber Optic Transceiver

SFP is the latest fiber optic transceiver, also is the most widely used module currently. SFP module is hot-pluggabe (like GBIC) and small (like SFF). Using LC head, and its size is small as 1/2 to 1/3 as that of GBIC Module, which greatly increases the port density of network device, adaptable to the trend of the rapid development of the network, so it has been the most widely used. Currently the main equipment manufacturers, without exception, no one abandoned GBIC products and only produce SFP transceiver. Thanks to the centralized standards, SFP modules from different manufacturers can be compatible with each other, SFP is available as a stand-alone network equipment.

According to the rate, fiber optic transceiver can be divided into 100Base, 1000Base (Gigabit) and 10GE for Ethernet, 155M, 622M, 2.5G and 10G for SDH, which all have been widely used, and now the rate of 40G and 100G has appeared. The 10G modules are widely used in the main transmission, mainly include XENPAK, X2, XFP and 10G SFP+.

XENPAK Fiber Optic Transceiver

XENPAK module is an important step in the evolution. XENPAK in architecture for media access controller provides a XAUI interface. Serializer / deserializer to 10 Gbps available payload and forward error correction overhead assigned to the interface 4 channels, each one line signaling rate decreased to 3.125 Gbps. Compared with non-hot-pluggable, XENPAK module is very attractive, but it can not meet the demand of some important market. XENPAK power is typically 10W, caused a certain influence on the structure of size. Because it increases the printed circuit board manufacturing costs and reduce valuable trace space.

X2 Fiber Optic Transceiver

X2 transceiver also uses electrical interface(like XENPAK), but there are a few exceptions. X2 provides a 4-bit port address space, a bit less than XENPAK. X2 also reduces the number of power pins, and the bottom plate and electrical grounding utilities. X2 retained the 4 vendor-specific pin as Xenpak. In optical technology, X2 supports 10GbE, OC192 SONET, 10GFC and other standards.

XFP Fiber Optic Transceiver

XFP (10 Gb small form factor pluggable module), it provides a architecture with its four-channel interface different from XENPAK. XFP is a single-channel serial module using a XFI (10 Gb Serial Interface) connection at full speed, can replace XENPAK and its derived products. Without serializer / deserializer, XFP is smaller, cheaper and less power consumption.

SFP+ Fiber Optic Transceiver

SFP+ module is smaller than XFP, the circuit for clock and data recovery is transferred to the card from the chip. SFP+ module compressed size and power consumption through putting the CDR and electronic dispersion compensation outside the module.

No matter how fiber optical module develops, it has its own direction. Currently fiber optical transceiver mainly toward the directions of miniaturization, low cost, low power, high speed, long distance and hot pluggable.