Single mode and Multimode Fiber Optic Patch Cord

Fiber Optic Patch Cable is also known as optical fiber jumper or optical patch cord. It is composed of a fiber optic cable terminated with different connectors on the ends. There are two major application areas of fiber optic patch cords which are computer work station to outlet and fiber optic patch panels or optical cross connect distribution center. Single mode fiber patch cables are primarily used for applications involving long distance, while multimode patch cables are the choice for most common local fiber systems because the devices for multimode are far cheaper.

Single mode fiber patch cables have a small core and only one pathway of light. With only a single wavelength of light passing through its core, single mode realigns the light toward the center of the core instead of simply bouncing it off the edge of the core as with multimode. Single more is typically used in long-haul network connections spread out over extended areas-longer than a few miles. For example, telcos use it for connections between switching offices. Single mode cable features a 9-micron glass core.

Multimode fiber patch cords have a large-diameter core that is much larger than the wavelength of light transmitted, and therefore has multiple pathways of light-several wavelengths of light are used in the fiber core. Multimode fiber patch cord can be used for most general fiber applications. Use multimode fiber for bringing fiber to the desktop, for adding segments to your existing network, or in smaller applications such as alarm systems. Multimode cable comes with two different core sizes: 50 micron or 62.5 micron.

Simplex fiber patch cable consists of a single fiber, and is used in applications that only require one-way data transfer. For instance, an interstate trucking scale that sends the weight of the truck to a monitoring station or an oil line monitor that sends data about oil flow to a central location. Simplex fiber is available in single mode and multimode.

Duplex fiber optic patch cord cable consists of two fibers, usually in a zip cord (side-by-side) style. Use duplex multimode or single mode fiber optic cable for applications that require simultaneous, bi-directional data transfer. Workstations, fiber switches and servers, fiber modems, and similar hardware require duplex cable. Duplex fiber is available in single mode and multimode.

Applications of optical patch cord:

FTTH application
Premise installations
Data processing networks
Wide Area Networks (WANs)
Telecommunication networks
Industrial, mechanical and military

Features:

. Fiber optic connector type: LC, FC, SC, ST, MU, MTRJ, E2000
. Ferrule Interface type: PC, UPC, APC
. Fiber cores: Simplex, duplex, 4 fibers, 8 fibers etc.
. Fiber type; Single mode (G.652, G655), multimode(50/125)/(62.5/125)
. 100% Insertion Return Loss, End Face and Interference inspection
. Low insertion loss, high return loss
. Excellent mechanical endurance
. Good in repeatability and exchangeability
. Insertion loss: <0.5 dB
. Operation temperature: -20° to 85°C
. 10G OM3 OM4 fiber cable available
. Various jacket material, PVC and LSZH

FiberStore fiber jumpers are manufactured strictly according to international standard. We adopt high quality raw materials and we use on-site manufacturing equipment. Our skilled workers and quality control department work closely together to guarantee that every piece of our fiber optic patch cord is excellent quality and looking. Our fiber patch cables are fully compliant with international standards and are with very good quality and competitive prices.

SC Fiber Optic Pigtail

We supply fiber optic pigtails, including the single mode and multimode types, These fiber pigtails are with premium grade connectors and with with typical 0.9 mm outer diameter cables. Simplex fiber pigtail and duplex fiber pigtails are available, with different cable color, cable diameter and jacket types optional.

The most common is know as the fusion splice on pigtail, and the 12 fiber or 6 fiber multi color pigtails are easy to install and provide a premium quality fiber optic connection. The fiber optic pigtail connectors are compliant to IEC, TIA/EIA, NTT and JIS specifications. It is with one piece construction and pulls proof design. Low cost but high performance, which makes it one of the most popular cables. FiberStore supply the single mode 9/125, multimode 50/125, multimode 10Gb 50/125 and multimode 62.5/125 types fiber optic pigtail cables. They are with various PC, UPC, and APC connectors respectively. Our fiber pigtails are available in simplex or duplex versions, with custom design available.

FiberStore SC pigtail, with very competitive prices. We offer 3 primary fiber versions including the 9/125um single mode, 62.5/125 multimode and 50um OM3 10Gb types, These fiber pigtails are with premium grade SC connectors and with typical 0.9mm outer diameter cables. Simplex fiber pigtail and duplex fiber pigtails are available, with different cable color, cable diameter and jacket types optional.

Features

. Superior qualified standard PC, APC, UPC, SPC polishing;
. 100% optic test: Insertion Loss: ≤0.3 (PC); ≤0.2 (APC); ≤0.2 (UPC); ≤0.3 (SPC);
. 100% optic test: Return Loss: ≥45 (PC); ≥60 (APC); ≥55 (UPC); ≥50 (SPC);
. φ0.9mm, φ2.0mm, φ3.0mm cable optional;
. Single mode (9/125) or multi mode (50/125 or 62.5/125) fiber available;
. FC, SC, LC, MU, ST, MT-RJ, etc connector options
. Simplex and duplex connector available; 8) Good exchange ability and good durability;
. Available in fiber bunch, ribbon fan-out, pigtail available;
. Meets ISO9001, ROHS and Bell core GR 326-core standards;
. Customized specifications are welcomed.

Application

. CATV, metro test equipment;
. Telecommunication networks;
. Local area networks (LAN);
. Wide area networks (WAN);
. Premise installations;
6) Data processing networks;
7) Video and military active device termination.

FiberStore also provide a range of fiber jumpers, such as single mode fiber patch cables, MTP MPO cable and more, if you want to know more about fiber patch cords types, please contact us or visit our website.

Fiber Optic Patch Cord Wiki

optical patch cord is a fiber optic cable capped at either end with connectors that allow it to be rapidly and conveniently connected to CATV, an optical switch or other telecommunication equipment. Its thick layer of protection is used to connect the optical transmitter, receiver, and the terminal box. This is known as “interconnect-style cabling”.

Features

. Fiber optic connector type: LC, FC, SC, ST, MU, MTRJ, E2000
. Ferrule Interface type: PC, UPC, APC
. Fiber cores: Simplex, duplex, 4 fibers, 8 fibers etc.
. Fiber type; Single mode (G.652, G655), multimode(50/125)/(62.5/125)
. 100% Insertion Return Loss, End Face and Interference inspection
. Low insertion loss, high return loss
. Excellent mechanical endurance
. Good in repeatability and exchangeability
. Insertion loss: <0.5 dB
. Operation temperature: -20° to 85°C
. 10G OM3 OM4 fiber cable available
. Various jacket material, PVC and LSZH

Construction

optical fiber jumper is constructed from a core with a high refractive index, surrounded by a coating with a low refractive index that is surrounded by a protective jacket. Transparency of the core permits transmission of optic signals with little loss over great distances. The coating’s low refractive index reflects light back into the core, minimizing signal loss. The protective jacket minimizes physical damage to the core and coating.

Size

Ordinary cables measure 125µm in diameter (a strand of human hair is about 100µm). The inner diameter measures 9µm for single-mode cables, and 50/62.69µm for multi-mode cables.

The development of “reduced bend radius” fiber in the mid-2000s, enabled a trend towards smaller cables. Each unit of diameter reduction in a round cable, produces a disproportionate corresponding reduction in the space the cable occupies.

Classification

Patch cords are classified by transmission medium (long or short distance), by connector construction and by construction of the connector’s inserted core cover.

Transmission medium

Single-mode fiber is generally yellow, with a blue connector, and a longer transmission distance. Multi-mode fiber is generally orange or grey, with a cream or black connector, and a shorter 
transmission distance.

Connector construction

Connector design standards include FC, SC, ST, LC, MTRJ, MPO, MU, SMA, FDDI, E2000, DIN4, and D4. Cables are classified by the connectors on either end of the cable; some of the most common cable configurations include FC-FC, FC-SC, FC-LC, FC-ST, SC-SC, and SC-ST.

Inserted core cover

The connector’s inserted core cover conforms to APC, UPC, or PC configuration. A UPC inserted core cover is flat and is used in SARFT and early CATV. An APC connector’s inserted core cover is 
oblique (about 30 °, ±5 °).

Applications

Patch cables are used for connections to CATV (Cable Television), telecommunication networks, computer fiber networks and fiber test equipment. Applications include communication rooms, FTTH (Fiber to The Home), LAN (Local Area Network), FOS (fiber optic sensor), Fiber Optic Communication System, Optical fiber connected and transmitted equipment, Defense combat readiness, etc.

FiberStore supply fiber optic patch cable with different connector and cable type. The common core sizes of multimode fiber are OM1 62.5 micron and 50 micron in OM2 or 10 Gigabit Laser Optimized OM3. We offersingle mode fiber patch cables and multimode fiber patch cable with a variety of connector types such as LC, FC, SC, ST, MU, MTRJ and E2000.Duplex fiber cables consist of two fiber cores and can be either multimode or singlemode. We also can customize patch cables in any cut length.

Optical Patch Cord for Data Center Applications

Fiber patch cable or optical patch cord is an fiber cable that has fiber connectors on one or both ends. General use of these cable assemblies includes the interconnection of fiber cable systems and optics-to-electronic equipment. If the fiber optic connectors are attached to only one end of a cable, it is known as a pigtail. If connectors are attached to both ends, it is known as a jumper or patch cord.

Singlemode and multimode

Single mode fiber patch cables uses 9/125um glass fiber, Multimode fiber patch cord uses 50/125um or 62.5/125um glass fiber. Single mode and multimode refer to the fiber cable types. Single mode Fiber Patch Cord is used in long distance data transmission. Multimode Fiber Patch Cord is use in short distance transmission. Typical single mode Fiber Patch Cord used yellow fiber cable; Typically multi mode Fiber Patch Cord used orange fiber cable.

Simplex and Duplex

Simplex means this Fiber Patch Cord is with one cord, at each end is only one fiber connector. Duplex can be regarded as two Fiber Patch Cord put side by side. Duplex Fiber Patch Cord usually 
with clip on the fiber connector to combine it.

Connector Options

LC connector

. RJ-style latching mechanism
. 1.25mm ferrule
. Available simplex or duplex; can be duplexed in the field
. Half the footprint of a conventional SC connector
. Compliant to TIA/EIA/604-10, FOCIS 10 for LC type connectors
. 900um, 2.0 mm and 1.6 mm single fiber and zipoord available
. Ultra PC and Angled PC connector polish available for single mode
. Standard angled 8°end face

MTP Connector

. Multifiber connector (8,12)
. High-density interconnect and OEM applications
. Single-mode and multimode designs
. Compliant to TIA/EIA-604-5, FOCIS 5 for MTP Connectors

SC Connector

. Square, push-pull latching mechanism
. Keyed, molded housing provides optimum protection
. 2.5 mm ferrule, pull-proof design
. Available as a duplex connector (568SC) compliant to requirements of TIA/EIA-568-B.3 Fiber Channel standard
. Ultra PC and Angled PC polish available for single mode
. Standard angled 8°end face
. Compliant to TIA/EIA-604-3A, FOCIS 3 for SC Connectors
. Composite ferrule available for multimode

ST Compatible Connector

. Familiar twist-lock bayonet coupling
. 2.5 mm keyed ferrule assembly meets durability and repeatability requirements
. For long-haul and local area network applications
. Ultra PC connector polish available for single mode
. Composite ferrule available for multimode
. Compliant to TIA/EIA/604-2, FOCIS 2 for ST Compatible connectors

FC Connector

. Cylindrical metal coupling nut with keyed inner shroud
. 2.5 mm ceramic ferrule
. Pull-proof ferrule for durability
. For long-haul and local network applications
. Manufactured to Japan Industrial Standard (JIS) C 5970 specifications
. Ultra PC and Angled PC connector polish available for single mode
. Standard angled 8°end face
. Compliant to TIA/EIA-604-4, FOCIS 4 for FC connectors

MT-RJ Connector

. 2-fiber, dual connect, single-ferrule design
. RJ-style snag-free latch
. Multimode and single mode performance to TIA specifications
. High-density interconnect compatible with MT-RJ small-form-factor transceivers

Cable Options

Patch cords and pigtails (what is a pigtail cable)are available with multimode and single-mode fiber in the following cable designs.

900 um Buffered Fiber (Non-jacketed cable)

The 900 um buffered fiber cable is used for splicing and routing fiber in the backplane of the hardware where available space is limited.
Single-Fiber Cable (Jacketed Cable)

Single fiber cable is used for splicing and routing cable on the front or rear of the hardware. The dielectric strength member and the outer jacket provide extra protection to withstand additional handling. The cable is available in OFNR (riser) or OFNP (plenum) ratings.

Zipcord Cable

Constructed with two single fiber cables joined in the middle, zipcord cable allows two single-fiber units to be separated in the middle for connectorization without furcation and routed to different terminals. This cable is ideal for use as a work area, equipment or crossconnect patch cord for 2 fiber applications. The cable is available in OFNR (riser) or OFNP (plenum) ratings.

FiberStore provides a variety of custom simplex, duplex and mini zip, single mode (SM) and multi mode (MM) Fiber Patch Cords and Fiber pigtail assemblies with various types of Fiber Connectors including ST, FC, SC, LC, MU, MTRJ, E2000 …etc.,. that could be built to your specification. Our optical fiber jumper and fiber pigtail range offers choices of any length, connector types and either PVC or LSZH sheath.

Why Fiber Optic Patch Cables Are Helpful

In the modern era of technology, fiber optics has started to play an important role in data transfer and communication. The data transfer that happens in these cables are based upon the technology of optical networks. Light waves are encoded and modulated to send and receive data. And optical patch cord play an important role in completing the end-to-end connection of systems using this technology.

First of all, let us understand what makes the optical fiber communication important. The fiber optics make sure that certain desired properties of any communication are satisfied. And the quality that they maintain with respect to these properties makes using these network cables desirable.

Interestingly, the optical fiber jumper require being compatible with all these properties to keep up with the network quality. So the attributes desirable of the fiber cables are also good for the patches. Some of the important properties are listed below.

Rate of data transfer: Data of high volume can easily be transferred using the optic cables. In fact, with the mainline network cables, one can transfer terabytes of data every second as done in case of the worldwide Internet exchange data. The same can be said about the fiber optic patch cables. The bandwidth of these cables are extremely high.

Speed of communication: The physical communication happens over modulated waves of light. As a result, the speed of communication is extremely fast with the fiber optic networks. One can use these networks to access real time data across the globe. The patch cables are compatible with the speed and they can transfer data at the same speed as the main network cable.

Absence of attenuation: Attenuation of signal is a critical factor in most of the networks. However, for an optical network, this is practically absent. The data can traverse along the network with no amplifier installed in route. The patch cables also do not attenuate the data.

Accuracy of transferred data: The transfer of data takes place with a high degree of accuracy. The data suffers from practically no external hindrance. No signal coming form outside really changes anything about the data. As a reault, the data transfer preserves the accuracy of information exchange. The fiber optic patch cables maintain high levels of accuracy when it comes to data transfer.

Security factors: Fiber optic patch cables are as secure as the overall optical fiber network. They are extremely difficult to break into and hence the possibility of data leaking out of the network is practically minimal.

All of the above makes using fiber optic patch cables helpful when it comes to real life application. Make sure that you have got the right patch with the right length and aperture, and you are all set to enjoy the benefits of a secure and high speed communication.

FiberStore provides various types of fiber optic patch cords including single mode fiber patch cables, OM1 62.5/125, OM2 50/125, 10G OM3/OM4 patch cables, armored patch cables, fiber optic pigtails, multi core patch cables, MPO/MTP patch cables and other special patch cables. And the optical patch cord connectors including LC fiber cable, ST fiber cable, SC to LC patch cable and more.

What is Fiber Optic Patch Cable

Fiber optic patch cable is also known as optical fiber jumper or optical patch cord. It is composed of a fiber optic cable terminated with different connectors on the ends. There are two major application areas of fiber optic patch cords which are computer work station to outlet and fiber optic patch panels or optical cross connect distribution center. Single more fiber patch cables are primarily used for applications involving long distance, while multimode patch cables are the choice for most common local fiber systems because the devices for multimode are far chaper.

Fiber Patch Cords Types

Fiber optic patch cables can be divided into different types based on fiber cable mode, cable structure, connector types, connector polishing types and cable sizes.

Fiber Cable Mode:

Single mode fiber patch cables: Single mode fiber optic patch cables use 9/125 micron bulk single mode fiber cable and single mode fiber optic connectors at both ends. Single mode fiber optic cable jacket color is usually yellow.

. Multimode fiber patch cables: Multimode fiber optic patch cable use 62.5/125 micron or 50/125 micron bulk multimode fiber cable and terminated with multimode fiber optic connectors at both ends. Multimode fiber patch cable jacket color is usually orange.

. 10Gig multimode fiber optic patch cables: 10Gig multimode fibers are specially designed 50/125 micron fiber optimized for 850nm VCSEL laser based 10Gig Ethernet. They are backward compatible with existing network equipment and provide close to three times the bandwidth of traditional 62.5/125 multimode fibers. 10 Gigabit is rated for distances up to 300 meters using 850nm Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSEL). 10Gig fiber optic cable jacket is usually aqua.

Fiber Cable Structure:

. Simplex fiber optic patch cables: Simplex fiber patch cable has one fiber and one connector on each end.

. Duplex fiber optic patch cables: Duplex fiber patch cable has two fibers and two connectors on each end. Each fiber is marked “A” or “B” or different colored connector boots are used to mark polarity.

. Ribbon fan-out cable assembly: For ribbon fan-out cable assembly, one end is ribbon fiber with multi fibers and one ribbon fiber connector such as MTP connector (12 fibers), the other end is multi simplex fiber cables with connectors such as ST, SC, LC, etc.

Connector Types:

. Same connector type fiber patch cable: This fiber optic patch cable has the same type of connector on both ends, such as ST, SC, LC, FC, etc.

. Hybrid fiber optic patch cables: This fiber optic patch cable has different connectors on each end. One end can be SC and the other end can be LC, ST, FC, etc.

Connector Polishing Types: Fiber optic connectors are designed and polished to different shaps to minimize back reflection. This is particularly important in single mode applications. Typical back reflection grades are -30dB, -40dB, -50dB and -60dB.

. PC (Physical Contact): Typical back reflection <-40dB, for single mode and multimode applications.

. UPC (Ultra Physical Contac t): Typical back reflection <-50dB, for single mode applications.

. APC (Angled Physical Contact): Typical back reflection <-60dB, for single mode applications.

Fiber Cable Sizes: You can choose your fiber cable jacket size for your particular application.

. 250um bare fiber
. 900um tight buffer fiber
. 1.6mm fiber optic cable
. 2.0mm fiber optic cable
. 3.0mm fiber optic cable

FiberStore provides various types of fiber patch cords including common single-mode 9/125, OM1 62.5/125, OM2 50/125, 10G OM3/OM4 patch cables, armored patch cables, fiber optic pigtails, multi core patch cables, MTP MPO cables and other special patch cables. SC, ST, FC, LC, MU, MTRJ, E2000, APC/UPC terminations(fiber optic connectors) are all available.