What is the Meaning of 100G Channels Networks to Service Providers

As the traffic demand continues growing, telecom network providers have planned introducing the newly developed coherent 100G transport software in their networks to satisfy the demand. History shows us that network service providers have made use of every stage of the new channel capacity available from equipment developers.



The figure below shows the timeline for increases in fiber link capacity operating provider’s networks. In early 1990s, a capacity of a few hundred Mbps per link and just on channel per strand of fiber inside a transport network was typical. As email was a new communication tool in the centre 1990s, the fiber capacity gradually increased to a couple Gbps, and this growth continued to deal with the demand that individuals needed to start accessing the web. Into the later 1990s, fiber capacity grew even larger with the deployment of 10 Gbps channels and WDM techniques to multiplex and amplify a small number of wavelengths (4-8) on a single fiber pair. In early 2000s, Internet usage became commonplace but networking kept pace using the introduction of DWDM techniques that could support 40, 80, or maybe more wavelengths allowing fiber capacities to be near Tbps. For MUX/DeMUX solutions with different DWDM wavelengths, please visit Fiberstore. This extensive fiber capacity increase helped the transport network support continually increasing user demands. In the late 2000s, the introduction of 40G channels gave the capability of the networks another boost. By 2010, video sharing on the web by applications such as YouTube along with other video when needed (VoD) services started to stress existing network capacity. The development of the fiber capacity to approximately 10 Tbps per fiber. This will address near term capacity requirements, but moving forward, cloud computing along with other bandwidth hungry applications will continue to consume network resources, and new optical techniques to increase channel capacity and optical link capacity is going to be introduced progressively.


The coherent 100G PM-QPSK system selected by the industry is able to run at the same channel spacing (50 GHz) like a 10G commercial system does in existing networks, and so the 100G system can offer enough capacity for network service providers to support customer demands in the near term without a network overbuild. Using the new 100G system, service providers expect the cost per bit declines in the same rate as or perhaps a faster pace than the decline rate of serves prices service providers can charge their clients, so that providers are able to remain competitive.

Before telecom service providers introduce commercial coherent 100G software in their networks, normally a series of technology trials must be conducted in their existing networks to determine the performance of the new technology. The primary purpose of the technology trials would be to guarantee the 100G channel behaves well in existing fiber network infrastructures. Fiber routes within the field may have high transmission attenuation, high PMD values, multiple connections and splicing points, various fiber types, etc. While most lab experiments are conducted with fiber loop configurations, a linear configuration in field trials is much more preferred to mimic optical links in tangible networks. Field trials give network providers proper expectation for that performance of the systems, which will be installed in networks. Issues present in these trials may also be sent back somewhere developers for further product improvement. In a single field trial a 112 Gbps coherent channel transmitted over 1730 km deployed DWDM link in a service provider’s network, while using DWDM Multiplexer. A carrier suppressed RZ and differential PM-QPSK modulation format was utilized for the channel in the trial. The trial results show that the coherent 100G channel has the capacity to serve long term routes. The plug and play performance of the equipment and robustness to chromatic dispersion and PMD impairments was demonstrated in the trial. Co-propagating the 100G channel with adjacent 10 Gbps signals without touching the fiber infrastructure proved one viable migration road to next generation networks. It’s a requirement for service providers to maintain the networks scalable and cost-effective while increasing channel capacity and fiber ability to have next-gen multi-terabit networks.

In another field trial a real-time, single carrier, coherent 100G PM-QPSK upgrade of the existing 10G/40G terrestrial system was demonstrated inside a service provider’s network. The field experiment shows the performance of the 100G channel sufficient for error-free operation after FEC over installed 900 km and 1800 km fiber links. The experiment proves that flexible and seamless 100 Gps channel upgrades to existing 10G and 40G DWDM systems are possible and practical.

Yet another coherent 100G channel field trial was performed on dispersion shifted fiber (DSF) links. The trial involved eighty 127 Gbps channels propagating on a deployed fiber link. L-band specturn was used to avoid zero dispersion reason for specturn, differnet from using C-band for SMF or NZDSF for additional common cases. The 100G channels, with 50 GHz channel spacing, traveled over 458 km DSF successfully with L-band EDFA only. Sufficient Q-margins remained as left for the 80 channels following the 458 km transmission. This field trial demonstrated that a 10 Tbps calss capacity DWDM product is feasible underneath the condition of small local dispersion by deploying coherent detection and high overhead (20%) coding gain FEC. This trial represented the highest fiber capacity in the field at the time the trial was conducted.

The reason for introducing 100G channels into transport networks is to carry large IP data traffic across IP networks, therefore, an “end-to-end” transport trial, i.e. an entire data transport trial from data equipment to data equipment, using a coherent 100G channel transmission over a long distance, is particularly meaningful to service providers. One such field trial, which involved a worldwide network company, a data equipment developer, a transport equipment developer, and a client interface developer, continues to be reported. In this trial a 112 Gbps single carrier real-time coherent PM-QPSK channel from a transponder carried native IP packet traffic over 1520 km field deployed fiber, with 100GbE router cards and 100G CFP interfaces. This trial shows the feasibility of interoperability between multi-suppliers’ equipment for 100G transport. This field trial, which fully emulated an operating near-term deployment scenario, confirmed that all key components required for deployment of 100GbE technology are maturing at the time the trial was conducted (early 2010).


The detailed configuration of the trial is shown in the figure. A 10GbE test set generates 10GbE traffic for Router 1 and also the test set can be used for analyzing packet throughput too. Another router (Router 2) is used to accept a GbE signal containing a video signal using a video encoder and to send the recording signal to some video display via a video decoder following the signal transverses the trial path. Router 2 connects to Router 1 with another 10GbE link, containing the video traffic. Router 1 routes both 10GbE data streams to one of the 100GbE cards and routes back the 10GbE data streams form the other 100GbE card towards the corresponding 10GbE ports. The 100G CFP interfaces are used to connect 100GbE cards and the 100G transponder. The transmitter port of the CFP in the first 100GbE card is connected to the receiver port of the CFP in the transponder and also the receiver port of the second 100GbE card is linked to yhe transmitter port from the CFP in the transponder. The receiver port from the CFP in the first 100GbE card and also the transmitter port of the CFP in the second 100GbE card are of a fiber jumper (fiber patch cable) to shut the loop. The CFP transponder sends the 112 Gbps signal towards the fiber route-equipped having a long haul DWDM system. Both directions of the inline amplifiers have been used for the trial to save on equipment needed.

With these successful 100G system field trials, telecom network providers and other network operators have been convinced that the only optical carrier PM-QPSK with coherent detections is easily the most promising 100G channel solutions, at least for the time being. Now commercial 100G systems are for sale to the customers of the equipment developers and the customers are likely to enjoy the ten times fiber capacity begin their networks.

Some Info About Fiber Optic Multiplexer Technology

In the long-distance optical fiber transmission,the fiber cables have a small effect on the optical signal transmission,the transmission quality of optical fiber transmission system mainly depends on the optical multiplexers’ quality,because optical multiplexer is responsible for electrical/optical and optical/electric conversion and optical transmitting and receiving. Optical fiber multiplexer as terminal equipment of transmission optical signal, usually used in pairs, divided into optical receiver and optical transmitter, optical transmitter is used to convert electrical signals into optical signals to realize electrical/optical conversion, and the optical signal input optical fiber transmission.Optical receiver is used to restore a in the optical fiber for optical signal into electrical signal to realize optical/electric conversion. It’s fit and unfit quality directly affects the whole system, so you need to know something about the performance and application of the fiber optic multiplexers, it can help you better configuration and procurement.

What is video multiplexer?

Fiber optic video multiplexer is used to transform video signals to fiber optic signals, it is analog fiber optic video multiplexer and digital video multiplexer, the digital one is more and more used and it is the popular model in current market. This product is generally used in security applications to control and monitor the video camera signals.

Fiber Optic Multiplexer Technology

Fiber optic multiplexer technology serves single-mode and multimode optical fibers with multichannel rack mount or standalone units. Multiplexers aren’t only for connecting multiple devices across a network. Multiplexers are also commonly used to distribute data from a SONET core, allowing for the distribution of DS-1, DS-3, and other circuit mode communications to several devices throughout a network. Again, this allows for multiple devices to share an expensive resource.

Used by cellular carriers, Internet service providers, public utilities, and businesses, fiber optic multiplexer technology extends the reach and power of telecommunications technologies. Network management systems allow for system service and maintenance, and provide for security, fault management, and system configuration. With advantages like lower costs and longer life expectancies, current fiber-optical networks are aided by improvements in multiplexing technology, and may provide light speed data transmission well into the future. Multiplexed systems also simplify system upgrades since numbers of channels and channel bandwidth is a function of the electronics rather than the transmission line or components.

Feature Of Optical Multipexer

Fiberstore fiber optic video multiplexer adopt the international advanced digital video and optical fiber transmission technology, these fiber optic multiplexers are various models and can be custom made according to customers’ requirement. Our products can transmit from 1 channel video signal to max 64 channel video signals in different optional distances. They can be with optional audio channel and reverse data channel. Interfaces can be RS232, RS422 or RS485. Fiber optic ports are typical FC, with SC or ST optional. The fiber optic video multiplexers are single mode types and multimode types, used with different kinds of optical fiber lines.We provide some types of optical multiplexers, including video multiplexers,video & data multiplexers,video & audio multiplexers, video & data & audio multiplexers, PDH multiplexer, and we supply optical multiplexer in different channels,such as 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32 channels.

Custom Service

We supply stand alone type fiber optic video multiplexers and chassis type fiber optic video multiplexers,we also have custom service, many types of fiber optic products could custom in our company, all these products are with flexible design according to customer requirement, they are good prices and fast delivery. If you have parameters in the request for your fiber optic products, I think we can offer you all you need.

Fiber Optic Multiplexer

Video Multiplexer For CCTV And Surveillance Applications

Fiber-optic-based video and audio multiplexers are designed specifically for pro A/V and broadcast applications. Digital Video Mux is usually applied in video area, especially for Security defensive system.

A video multiplexer, also called mux, includes digital video transmitter and receiver, is a device that put recordings of signals from multiple security cameras on one cassette. It handles several different video signals simultaneously. Video multiplexers can split a monitor into various display areas and vice versa, combine output signals from several cameras to a single monitor. It can be used as a stand-alone video processor to control various types of video views directly to a monitor and/or in conjunction with a VCR surveillance recorder. They can also provide simultaneous display and playback features. Some video multiplexers allow for remote access. They combine the best features of switchers and quads.

Typical Applications of Video Multiplexers:

1. Putting the camera signal on a video channel that is accessible to your television.

2. Configurable camera recording.

3. Closed circuit television (CCTV) and video surveillance applications because a video multiplexer can split a monitor into various display areas.

4. Automatic camera detection.

5. Various media and broadcasting applications.

How to Choose Video Multiplexer?

Video multiplexers come in a variety of configurations and features that conform to certain quality standards. The features may differ in quality of resolution, channels, refresh times, weight, power consumption, etc.

When choosing the video multiplexer, you should consider the number of camera inputs you need while taking into account future changes (in case of expansion). Features you need to look for include the following:

1. A time and date stamp that lets you know when any recorded activity took place.

2. An alarm output.

3. Motion detection.

4. Capability to be used with your computer software.

5. Use with either color or black-and-white cameras.

Multiplexers are described as simplex or duplex. This description indicates the number of multiplexing functions they can perform at any one time. Simplex multiplexers can perform only one multiplexing function at a time and will show a full-screen image, whereas duplex multiplexers show split options while continuing to record because it has two multiplexing processors in the same unit. Thus, a duplex multiplexer can display multiple cameras at the same time while multiplex-recording those cameras. Triplex multiplexers add a third multiplexing processor that has the ability to view live and recorded video on the same screen at the same time. Quadriplexers, or quads, use four camera connections per monitor. Quads can split the screen and display all the four cameras simultaneously. This means that the images are compressed and the image resolution may be low. In comparison, a multiplexer records each camera individually; thus, no loss from compression will occur. This is because when the output of a multiplexer is connected to a recording device, all cameras are individually recorded in sequence.

FiberStore supplies complete video surveillance systems, including Video Multiplexers, Video Data Multiplexer, Video Audio Mux and video Audio Data Multiplexer. We supply video multiplexer in different channels, such as 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32 channels. The Data Video Audio Multiplexer is ideal for a wide range of multiplexing and remultiplexing applications including Broadcast/Studio, CCTV audio and Professional AV applications.